Vertigo is a condition in which the patient feels as if the world is spinning or the patient themself is spinning. Vertigo is often accompanied by nausea and anxiety. It can be visually identified by nystagmus, which is a slow drift of the eyes in one direction and a fast beat in the opposite direction. The most common form of vertigo is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Infections to the inner ear (vestibular neuronitis or labyrinthitis), vestibular migraines and Meniere’s disease are other common causes of vertigo.
Lightheadedness is the sensation that one is going to faint or “pass out”. It can often occur when quickly changing positions from lying down to sitting or standing. The brain becomes unable to regulate blood pressure or heart rate to adequately deliver the appropriate amount of blood and oxygen to the brain. Lightheadedness can be caused by medications, nicotine, colds/flu, anxiety or hyperventilation.
Imbalance is when the patient feels unsteady or clumsy when standing or walking. They may also have a challenging time walking in a straight line, find that they need help balancing, and/or look down more when they walk. Often, this can be caused by the brain’s inability to process where one’s feet are positioned.
Our testing and treatment for vertigo and dizziness include:
Videonystagmography (VNG): VNG is considered the gold standard in examining vestibular function. This technology can help to examine many central brain issues, as well as balance problems, dizziness and ocular motor dysfunction.
Balance and Gait Evaluation: Balance and gait are dependent upon proper function of the sensory-motor, vestibular and visual systems, and their integration within the central nervous system. An assessment of these systems is important in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting balance and gait.
Eye Movement Therapy: Eye movement is correlated with brain function. Throughout different assessments, our providers observe many different eye movements looking for any abnormalities. A tailored treatment plan can then be created to improve the area of brain dysfunction.
Vestibular Therapy: Vestibular therapy is a form of rehabilitation that helps stabilize a patient’s gaze, posture, balance and gait. Often, these exercises will include combinations of head and body movement along with with eye exercises.