Concussion or mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) occurs when there is sudden trauma to the head or neck, which causes the brain to shift and twist inside the skull. This may result in damage to the brain, including inflammation and immune responses. If gone unchecked, they can lead to prolonged concussion symptoms and neurological effects.

A thorough neurological examination needs to be performed to properly evaluate the widespread effects of the concussion.  This exam looks at the neurological system including: sensory motor function, visual systems, vestibular function, gait and balance, hearing, neurocognitive and autonomic function. In addition, an evaluation of the spine may need to be performed to ensure that abnormal function is not contributing to the concussion symptoms.

Here at Lancaster Brain and Spine, we use the videonystagmography (VNG) and the saccadometer. These tests accurately evaluate the ocular motor (nervous system control of moving your eyes) and vestibular systems. C3 Logix is another diagnostic test used to assess neurocognitive deficits. This advanced technology  is also used to monitor the outcome of care with our concussion patients.

We use  vestibular therapy, eye movement therapy, sensory integrative therapy, Interactive Metronome, balance and gait training to create individualized rehabilitation treatment plans to provide maximum recovery.

Our doctors will work with school physicians, nurses, coaches, teachers and trainers to help you transition back to the classroom and the field. In addition, our providers work with other specialists in the area for coordination of care. These specialists include: family physicians, neurologists, neuro-ophthalmologists, neuropsychologists and vision therapists.